PHOTOGRAPHY

A brief overview of the history of photography
The history and development of photography is characterized from a technical point of view by the (re)discovery of the principle of the camera obscura and the magic lantern, the invention of the camera lucida, the physionotrace as well as the panorama and the diorama. Photography is the technical process by which optical systems are used to project a light image onto a light-sensitive medium, where it can be stored directly for a long period of time.

TIME LINE

Insight into the
milestones of photography

PRINCIPLE CAMERA OBSCURA

384-322 BC
The principle was already recognized by Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) in the 4th century B.C. In the apocryphal writing Problemata physica.

INTERPRETATION CAMERA OBSCURA

15th/16th century
First correct interpretation by Leornado da Vinci, who also recognized that the principle of the pinhole camera can also be found in the eye.

USE CAMERA OBSCURA

until the 19th century
The camera obscura was used as a painting and drawing device until the 19th century. The image projected on a screen was traced with a brush or pencil.

PERMANENT PHOTOGRAPHY

from 1827
In 1827, Joseph Nicéphore Niépce succeeded in using a camera obscura in the heliographic process to produce the first known photograph that has survived to the present day.

PLATE PROCESS

from 1851
Thanks to the invention of the colledium wet plate by Frederick Scott Archer and the gelatin dry plate by Richard Leach Maddox, images could be captured more durably and sharply in plate cameras.

BOX CAMERA / ROLL FILM

from 1889
Kodak released the Kodak No. 1 (Brownie) by Georg Eastman in 1888 specifically to sell its newly launched celluloid roll film.

35MM CAMERA

from 1913
Oskar Barnack developed the first prototype of a 35mm camera for Leitz in 1913. It was not until 1925 that the 35mm camera for small-format film was introduced in Germany.

SLR & TLR MIRROR REFLEX

from 1928
The first SLR camera was designed by Thomas Sutton as early as 1861. The first two-lens (TLR medium format) was created in 1928 by Paul Franke and Reinhold Heidecke. In 1936, the Ihagee "Kine-Exakta" was introduced as the world's first 35mm SLR camera.

INSTANT CAMERAS

from 1947
The Polaroid camera became popular. It delivers the finished prints shortly after the picture is taken, using an instant process developed by EDWIN H. LAND.

DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY

from  1975
The first digital camera,was a prototype developed by Steven Sasson at Kodak in 1975. However, the 1981 Sony Mavica is considered the original digital camera. It wasn't until the late 80's/early 90's that digital photography really became popular.

CAMERA PHONES

from 2000
The first mobile phone with a camera was the Sharp J-SH04. It's hard to imagine our everyday life without the smartphone we use today, with its high resolution and 3d sensors.

BIG PICTURES

Fascinating pictures from contemporary history that inspire amazement.

INVENTIONS

that have fundamentally changed the understanding of photography
"A good photo is one that you look at for more than a second."
- Henri Cartier-Bresson -
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